Brainstorming is a large or small group activity that encourages students to focus on a topic and contribute to the free flow of ideas.

  1. The instructor may begin a brainstorming session by posing a question or a problem, or by introducing a topic.
  2. Students then express possible answers, relevant words and ideas.
  3. Contributions are accepted without criticism or judgement and usually summarised on a whiteboard by the instructor or a student scribe as the ideas are called out.
  4. These ideas are then examined, usually in a open class Discussion format.


Spencer. J. (n.d.). A Better Way to Brainstorm: How to Get Students to Generate Original Ideas [Video]. YouTube.

Texas A&M University Writing Centre. (n.d.). Brainstorming [Video]. YouTube.

UNSW Teaching Staff Gateway. (19 April 2016). Brainstorming. UNSW Sydney Teaching.